Latex surgical gloves are an important part of everyday life in hospital operations, and protect patients and staff from disease transmission and other diseases. Their production process is actually quite simple, which makes them accessible and affordable. Latex concentrates, made from Hevea Brasiliensis natural latex, are the essential raw material for the production of natural rubber gloves. Bottling is done early in the morning, and the latex collected in cups is harvested a few hours later to avoid premature coagulation and treated with ammonia. Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia are the main producers of this latex.

Production of Surgical Gloves

Hand-shaped ceramic or aluminum strips are used to ensure that there is no contamination from previous batches. They are first washed thoroughly with warm water and chlorine before they can be processed into the coagulant during immersion. You must ensure that the environment of a latex glove factory when making quality gloves, and that there is no dirt or dust anywhere, otherwise they may have defects such as holes in the finished product. The holes are tested in the penultimate phase with a glove testing machine.

After cleaning the glove former, the molds are coated with a coagulant (e.g. calcium nitrate) and immersed in a latex compound so that the latex mixture adheres to the mold and its thickness is determined by the duration of the dip. The newly formed gloves are then washed out in a combination of hot water and chlorine, which removes residual latex proteins and chemicals that help reduce latex allergic reactions.

The gloves were then dried, and vulcanization made the gloves elastic by causing the reaction between latex rubber molecules and added chemicals, which reduced the chance that the gloves would tear. After drying, rinse the gloves again to leak out latex proteins. Then the cuffs are beaded or rolled up to make it easier to put on and take off. Pneumatic nozzles pull the finished gloves off the molds after they have been dipped in a corn starch and finally dried. The gloves are rotated in hot air to remove any remaining powder.

Test Phase

Two types of test gloves must be passed. Only before the gloves can be marketed must they meet the legal requirements to be certified as a medical character. Each batch of gloves is then tested to ensure that quality is maintained when these requirements are met. For batch testing, the gloves are first filled with air and then tested with the ASTM hole leakage test. In addition, there is a glove leak testing machine. Although all gloves have holes, the test ensures that the holes are not large enough for fluid to get on the skin. Workers fill their gloves with a liter of water and watch for leaks for two minutes.

Packaging Process

The last phase in the production of latex surgical gloves is packaging. This must be done with surgical glove packaging machine. Workers pack the latex gloves layer by layer to make it easier to distribute the gloves and to prevent difficult latex gloves from being released from each glove later. This type of packaging process can reduce waste and make it easier to remove latex gloves from the box. For example, we can easily remove the tissue from the box and apply the idea to the box dispensers for the latex gloves. Therefore, all glove manufacturers use this layering technique.

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